NOTES

In each category entries are chronological by date of authorship (bracketed if necessary).


Finnish Focus
1.Finland, Ministry for Foreign Affairs, The Development of Finnish-Soviet Relations, During the Autumn of 1939 in the Light of Official Documents (Helsinki: 1940), 114 pp. U.S. ed., The Finnish Blue Book (Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1940, with March 1940 peace treaty added), 120 pp. [December, 1939].

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2. H. B. Elliston, Finland Fights (Boston: Little, Brown, 1940), 443 pp. [January, 1940]
3. Anon., Finland and World War II, 1939-1944, trans. and ed. John H. Wuorinen (New York: Ronald Press, 1948), 228 pp. [1945].
4. Carl Gustaf Mannerheim, The Memoirs of Marshal Mannerheim, trans. Court Eric Lewenhaupt (New York: Dutton, 1954), 540 pp. [1950].
5. Väinö Tanner, The Winter War: Finland Against Russia 1939-1940 (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1957, orig.; Finnish, 1950), 274 pp.
6. Max Jakobson, The Diplomacy of the Winter War: An Account of the Russo-Finnish War, 1939-1940 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1961), 281 pp. Drab title; spell-binding book; tragic and comic by turns [1955].
7. C. Leonard Lundin, Finland in the Second World War (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1957), 303 pp. In part, an extended commentary on the major works published thus far about the Winter War and its sequel [1956].
8. Anatole G. Mazour, Finland Between East and West (Princeton, N.J.: Van Nostrand, 1956), 298 pp.
9. G. A. Gripenberg, Finland and the Great Powers: Memoirs of a Diplomat (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1965), 380 pp.
10. John H. Wuorinen, A History of Finland (New York: Columbia University Press, for the American-Scandinavian Foundation, 1965), 548 pp.
11. John H. Hodgson, Communism in Finland: A History and Interpretation (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1967), 261 pp. Astounding for its omission of any mention whatsoever of the Kuusinen government and Tuominen's defiance of Soviet orders to be its prime minister.
12. Oliver Warner, Marshal Mannerheim and the Finns (London:Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1967), 232 pp.
13. Marvin, Rintala, Four Finns: Political Profiles (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969), 120 pp. Political-leadership essays on Mannerheim, Tanner, Stahlberg, and Paasikivi.
14. Allen F. Chew, The White Death: The Epic of the Soviet-Finnish Winter War (East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1971), 313 pp.
15. Eloise Engle and Lauri A. Paanan, The Winter War: The Russo-Finnish Conflict 1939-40 (New York: Scribner's 1973), 176 pp. (Nevakivi [16] says U.K. ed. published 1972; not mentioned in this edition.)


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16. Jukka Nevakivi, The Appeal That Was Never Made: The Allies Scandinavia, and the Finnish Winter War, 1939-1940, trans. Mrs. Jukka Nevakivi (Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1976), 225 pp. Orig. Finnish, Apu Jota ei pyydetty, 1972. Uses more primary documents (and interviews) than earlier books, but lacks the coherent narrative of, e.g., Jakobson (6), Lundin (7), or Clark (41). Clumsy footnotes; abbreviation referents buried or missing.
17. Anthony F. Upton, Finland 1939-1940 (London: Davis-Poynter, 1974), 174 pp.
18. L. A. Puntila, The Political History of Finland 1809-1966, trans. David Miller (London: Heinemann, 1975), 248 pp. Orig. Finnish, Suomen polittinen historia 1809-1966, 1975. Contains, on p. 7, a vivid set of nine small maps showing areas lost to Russia/USSR in 1323,1595, 1617,1721,1743,1809,1920,1940, and 1944.

Russian Focus
19. John Scott, Duel for Europe: Stalin versus Hitler (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1942), 381 pp.
20. David 1. Dallin, Soviet Russia's Foreign Policy, 1939-1942. trans. Leon Dennen (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1942), 452 pp.
21. Max Beloff, The Foreign Policy of Soviet Russia, 1920-1941, vol. 2, 1936-1941 (London: Oxford University Press, RIIA, 1949), 434 pp.
22. Jane Degras, ed., Soviet Documents on Foreign Policy (London: Oxford University Press, RIIA, 1953), 500 pp.
23. Alexander Werth, Russia at War, 1941-1945 (New York: Avon, 1965; orig. Dutton, 1964), 1,000 pp.
24. Adam B. Ulam, Expansion and Coexistence: The History of Soviet Foreign Policy, 1917-67 (New York: Praeger, 1968), 775 pp.
25. Louis Fischer, Russia's Road from Peace to War: Soviet Foreign Relations 1917-1941 (New York: Harper, 1969), 499 pp.

Pro-Soviet Items
26. W. P. Coates and Zelda K. Coates, The Soviet-Finnish Campaign: Military and Political, 1939-1940 (London: Eldon Press, 1941), 172 pp. Largely an attack on British press coverage of the war.
27. Ivan Maisky, Memoirs of a Soviet Ambassador: The War, 1939-43, trans. Andrew Rothstein (New York: Scribner's, 1968; orig. Moscow, 1965), 407 pp.


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28. History of Soviet Foreign Policy, 1917-1945, ed. B. Ponomaryov, A. Gromyko, and V. Khvostov; trans. David Skvirsky (Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1969), 498 pp.
29. Nikita S. Khrushchev, Khrushchev Remembers, trans. and ed. Strobe Talbott (Boston: Little, Brown, 1970), 639 pp.

Baltic Focus
30. Gregory Meiksins, The Baltic Riddle: Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania—Key-Points of European Peace (New York: L. B. Fischer, 1943), 271 pp. Not quite pro-Soviet, but takes a permissive view of Russian aims and a skeptical view of the Baltics' policies.
31. John Alexander Swettenham, The Tragedy of the Baltic States: A Report Compiled from Official Documents and Eyewitnesses' Stories (London: Hollis and Carter, 1952), 216 pp.
32. Albert N. Tarulis, Soviet Policy Toward the Baltic States, 1918-1940 (South Bend, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1959), 276 pp. Abominable footnotes: a thicket of inaccessible op. cit's. Draws heavily from the 1954 hearings of the U.S. House Select Committee on Communist Aggression.

World Political Focus
33. Harold Lavine and James Wechsler, War Propaganda and the United States (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, for the Institute for Propaganda Analysis, 1940), 363 pp.
34. Winston S. Churchill, The Gathering Storm (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1948), 784 pp.
35. Nazi-Soviet Relations, 1939-1941: Documents from the Archives of the German Foreign Office, eds. Raymond J. Sontag and James S. Beddie (Washington, D.C.: Department of State, GPO, 1948), 362 pp. Cold-war effort to put some diplomatic egg on Russia's face, much of it well-deserved. On p. 240 appears the critical passage citing Molotov's query to Hitler, November 13, 1940, about Russia taking over Finland in toto, "on the same scale as in Bessarabia," from a memorandum by Hitler's interpreter Paul Schmidt (see 36).
36. Paul Schmidt, Hitler's Interpreter, ed. R. H. C. Steed (London: Heinemann, 1951), 286 pp. Schmidt was the note-taking witness on November 13, 1940, when Molotov let the cat out of the bag regarding Moscow's wish to absorb Finland. This work, on p. 217, covers similar ground to Schmidt's memo cited in 35 above, without the "Bessarabia" remark. "Final settlement of the Finnish question" is the locution.

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37. Andrew J. Schwartz, America and the Russo-Finnish War (Washington, D.C.: Public Affairs Press, 1960), 103 pp.
38. Sir Edmund Ironside, The Ironside Diaries, 1937-1940, ed. Roderick Macleod and Denis Kelly (London: Constable, 1962), 434 pp.
39. Anthony F. Upton, Finland in Crisis, 1940-1941: A Study in Small-Power Politics (Ithaca, N. Y.: Cornell University Press, 1965), 318 pp.
40. A. J. P. Taylor, English History, 1914-1945 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1965), 708 pp.
41. Douglas Clark, Three Days to Catastrophe (London: Hammond, 1966), 228 pp. Like Jakobson (6), a nonfiction thriller marbled with dry humor.
42. U.S. Department of State, Finland-USSR Boundary (International Boundary Study No. 74, Office of the Geographer, (February I, 1967), 19 pp. Includes background commentary and texts of boundary protocols since 1940; plus a small-scale map, 1/3.5 million, of no great usefulness.
43. H. Peter Krosby, Finland, Germany, and the Soviet Union, 1940-1941: The Petsamo Dispute (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1968), 276 pp.
44. Roger Parkinson, Peace for Our Time: Munich to Dunkirk—The Inside Story (London: Rupert Hart-Davis, 1971), 412 pp. Uses newly released British Cabinet papers (cf. Nevakivi, 16).

Other Notes
45. Leslie B. Bain, The Reluctant Satellites: An Eyewitness Report on East Europe and the Hungarian Revolution (New York: Macmillan, 1960), 233 pp.
46. Leonard Schapiro, The Communist Party of the Soviet Union, 2nd ed., rev. (New York: Vintage, 1971; orig. 1960), 686 pp.
47. O. W. Kuusinen, et al. Fundamentals of Marxism-Leninism Manual, trans. Clemens Dutt (Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing House, 2nd impression, 1961), 891 pp.
48. Harrison E. Salisbury, War Between Russia and China (New York: Bantam, 1970; orig. Norton, 1969), 210 pp. Three months before the Winter War, the Red Army had routed Japan in an unsung, undeclared war in Mongolia (pp. 128-131).
49. Adam Roberts, "Civil Resistance as a Technique in International Relations," in The Yearbook of World Affairs, 1970 (London: Stevens, 1970), 25-39. Brief introduction to the subject.

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50. Gene Sharp, The Politics of Nonviolent Action (Boston: Porter Sargent, 1973), 902 pp. Paperback ed., 1974, 3 vols., same pagination. Exhaustive introduction to the subject.
51. Gene Keyes, "Strategic Nonviolent Defense: The Construct of an Option," Journal of Strategic Studies 4, no. 2 (June 1981): 125-51.
52. Gene Keyes, "Nonviolent Defense Clues from the Winter War" (Paper presented at International Studies Association, Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, March 19, 1981), 14 pp. [reprinted below]

Contemporary Periodicals, 1939-40

Daily Worker (New York)
Newsweek
Time

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